The Issue: Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is the world’s second most profitable crime, generating over $150 billion dollars a year. It is also referred to as modern day slavery and includes the enslavement of men, women and children in countries in every part of the globe, including the United States. The 2015 Global Slavery Index report estimated that there are currently over 45 million slaves in the world today, more than in all 400 years of the transatlantic slave trade combined.
What Is Human Trafficking?
There are two kinds of slavery associated with human trafficking: sex trafficking, and labor trafficking. Sex trafficking involves women and children being forced to work as prostitutes in the sex trade. Currently 2 million children are exploited as sex workers around the world. Labor trafficking includes men, women, and families being held captive as workers in factories, fields, and homes, often through debt bondage. Those who attempt to escape are often beaten and locked up. Despite the fact that human trafficking is a crime in almost every country in the world, broken, dysfunctional justice systems allow traffickers to prey on the poor and vulnerable.